Cultural Resources

  • Archaeologists Provide Leadership

    Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., RPA

    Our Tempe cultural resources firm is home to three of the Arizona Archaeological Council’s (AAC) 10-member governing board. Research Director Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., RPA, (left) is the current President of the AAC and will serve the board in 2015 in an advisory role as Immediate Past President; Leigh Davidson is the current Secretary of the AAC through the end of 2015; and Justin P. Rego, M.A., RPA, was recently elected as the AAC’s new Information Technology Officer starting in 2015. Justin, Leigh, and Chris will help shape the future of the AAC and bring in new ideas and agendas for improving the lot of professional archaeologists throughout the state. read more

  • Logan Simpson Cultural Resources Specialists Published

    Chris Watkins, MA, RPAAlliance and Landscape on Perry Mesa in the Fourteenth Century is the first major publication about the archaeology of Perry Mesa and contains contributions by Logan Simpson archaeologists Christopher Watkins, left, and Tina Hart.

    The book, published by the University of Utah Press, examines the population aggregation on Perry Mesa, a landscape that was largely vacant prior to the late A.D. 1200s. From the late 1200s to the early 1400s, thousands of people occupied large pueblos that were equally spaced along the mesa rim. Alliance and Landscape on Perry Mesa in the Fourteenth Century utilizes two explanatory frameworks, alliance and landscape, to explore why people migrated to Perry Mesa. The alliance model posits that groups on Perry Mesa allied with other nearby groups to form what is known as the Verde Confederacy against the Phoenix Basin Hohokam to the south. The landscape model suggests that the changing environmental conditions in the late 1200s made Perry Mesa more attractive for migrating farmers. The archaeological record reveals evidence in support of both models, and in Alliance and Landscape on Perry Mesa in the Fourteenth Century, researchers present and evaluate this evidence to better understand an important but little studied region in central Arizona.

    In Chapter 6, Watkins and Arizona State Parks Archaeologist Sophia Kelly investigate the organization of production and exchange of plain ware ceramics within the proposed Verde Confederacy. With the aid of ceramic provenance data, they assess the extent to which plain ware ceramics moved between late prehistoric pueblos on Perry Mesa and between members of the larger confederacy. Two interaction spheres of socially proximate people were identified on Perry Mesa and the Upper Verde River as indicated by large quantities of internally exchanged plain ware vessels. This result does not preclude the existence of a higher-order confederation as low-value objects such as cooking pots were not necessarily exchanged at more distant social scales.

    In Chapter 5, Demarcation of the Landscape: Rock Art Evidence for Alliance, Conflict, and Subsistence at Perry Mesa, Hart and others examine variation among the relative frequencies of rock art motifs, such as geometric and zoomorphic  designs,  across six sites on Perry Mesa. Rock art at these six sites is also compared to rock art sites in the surrounding region in an effort to find stylistic and thematic similarities that may support the Verde Confederacy model. The chapter also explores the relationship between Perry Mesa rock art and Hopi clan symbols. The results of this analysis offer preliminary conclusions regarding the role of rock art across the cultural and physical landscape of Perry Mesa.

    Justin Rego’s article, ‘Gradiometry Survey and Magnetic Anomaly Testing of Castros de Neixón, Galicia, Spain,’ is in the latest Journal of Archaeological Science.

    During the summer of 2011, a geophysical survey with subsequent magnetic anomaly testing was conducted in Northwest Iberia, in the province of Galicia, Spain, the most extensive evaluation of its kind to be performed on a Castro Culture hill fort with distinct Bronze and Iron Age occupations. The investigation focused on determining the spatial extent, occupation, and use of the multicomponent Bronze and Iron Age hill fort site(s) of Castros de Neixón. Justin is lead author on this paper, which he co-authored with  Wendy H Cegielski, M.A., of Arizona State University.

  • Lincoln County Archaeological Initiative

    Jesse Adams, M.A., RPALogan Simpson Design environmental consultants are currently conducting a number of long-term, research-driven inventory projects for the Bureau of Land Management in Lincoln County, Nevada.

    As part of a sample archaeological inventory near Delamar Lake, LSD has developed a GIS predictive model to help identify high, medium, and low probability areas of cultural resources associated with the Terminal Pleistocene-Early Holocene (TPEH) transition period.

    Our GIS model focuses on several critical factors likely to influence site distribution during the TPEH transition period such asproximity to high-probability landforms (lakeshores, beaches, or indented shorelines); extinct marshes or deltas; and elevated surfaces near wetlands.

    Delamar Lake cultural resourcesDelamar Lake is situated within a Pleistocene pluvial lake bed and, like other nearby pluvial lake beds, is a high probability area for Paleoarchaic archaeological sites. The now arid lake would likely have supported a marsh/riparian-type ecosystem during the TPEH.

    Throughout the process, our goal was to identify the TPEH, or Paleoarchaic, archaeological sites near Delamar Lake in order to establish baseline inventory data for locating TPEH-aged cultural resources in other pluvial lakebeds in Lincoln County.

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  • Mark Hackbarth Discusses First Phoenix Cemetery

    Mark Hackbarth, RPA

    Mark Hackbarth, RPA

    LSD’s Mark Hackbarth gave a presentation on the First Phoenix Cemetery as part of the monthly Archaeology Southwest gathering. Logan Simpson Design recently completed a historic archaeology project in downtown Phoenix at the construction site for the new Maricopa County Sheriff’s Office Complex.

    See the video here.

    In May 2012 construction crews at Fifth Avenue and Jackson Street unexpectedly unearthed graves predating 1885. LSD  archaeologists responded to complete a phased data recovery excavation and burial recovery project while construction activities continued elsewhere on the site. The archaeological dig and associated research brought to light the city’s mysterious, long-forgotten cemetery and failed railroad company.

    Mark is an archaeologist with more than 30 years of supervisory experience in Southwestern archaeology. Mark has completed eight major excavation projects in downtown Phoenix, plus archival investigations. He is a recognized expert in Hohokam archaeology of the Salt River Valley and Northern Periphery. He has an equal amount of experience with the historic period in central Arizona.

  • Kathryn Leonard named to Historic Preservation Commission

    Kathryn Leonard, M.A., RPALSD Cultural Resources Director Kathryn Leonard, M.A., RPA, was appointed by the Phoenix City Council to the Phoenix Historic Preservation Commission. The nine-member commission maintains the Phoenix Historic Property Register and makes recommendations to the City Council and citizens regarding historic preservation.

    Members represent the fields of history, architecture, prehistoric and historic archaeology, and related disciplines. During her three year term, Kathryn will assist the city’s Preservation Officer in reviewing appeals on proposed alterations to historic properties, historic districts and archeological resources through the Certificate of Appropriateness process; and make funding recommendations for Historic Preservation Bond Funds.

    Kathryn, who resides in Phoenix’s Fairview Place Historic District, manages the cultural resources program at LSD and provides Section 106 of the NHPA support, including government-to-government consultation, for large, complex energy EIS projects.

  • Logan Simpson Wins Two IDIQs to Provide Cultural Resources Services to BLM in Oregon and Washington

    LSD has been awarded two indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contracts to provide cultural resource services to the BLM in Oregon. These two new contracts, in addition to our existing contract with the Vale and Spokane districts, allows Logan Simpson Design to provide cultural resources services for the majority of BLM managed lands in Oregon and Washington states. These IDIQ contracts provides for an indefinite quantity of services during a five year period.

    BLM Oregon and Spokane districts IDIQ

    The Western Oregon Heritage Services IDIQ includes the Eugene, Medford, Roseburg, and Salem districts. The contract also covers the Umpqua and Willamette national forests. Prehistoric archaeology sites in the Salem, Eugene, Medford and Roseburg districts include rockshelters, quarries (toolstone sources), small campsites, village or residential sites, and rock art sites. Historic sites and structures on public lands in both states include ranches and railroad logging camps, Civilian Conservation Corps sites, and roads and trails. Cultural resources tasks covered under this contract include inventory (pedestrian survey), subsurface archaeological testing, archaeological data recovery, and evaluating historic buildings and structures.

    LSD will begin cultural resources inventory and evaluations in Western Oregon this fall.

    The second IDIQ contract is to provide cultural resources inventory and evaluation services in Burns, Prineville, Lake View, Vale and Spokane districts in Oregon and Washington, primarily to support BLM’s wildfire emergency stabilization and rehabilitation (ESR) projects; though other types of cultural resources projects may also be included.

    The cultural resources studies LSD completes will help the BLM manage cultural resources throughout Oregon and Washington. The BLM manages cultural resources in order to conserve their significant cultural, scientific, educational, traditional, and recreational values for present and future generations.

  • Samuel Willis, MA, RPA, joins Logan Simpson

    Samuel Willis, MA, RPA, has joined Logan Simpson as a principal investigator. Sam has 16 years of experience and is currently completing his Ph.D. studies at Oregon State University in Applied Anthropology and Crop and Soil Science.  His regional and topical expertise includes quantitative lithic analysis, soil science, soil geomorphology, trace element analysis using XRF technology, multivariate statistics including principle components analysis (PCA), and the peopling of the Pacific Coast. Sam has conducted research on the Late-Pleistocene-Early Holocene periods along the Pacific Coast of Oregon and Washington, the Columbia Plateau region, and Baja California, Mexico. He has 16 peer-reviewed publications or professional papers to his credit, including studies detailing Paleoarchaic/Paleoindian period lithic technology or geoarchaeological investigations.

    Sam obtained his MA in Applied Anthropology from the Department of Anthropology at Oregon State University, and he obtained his BA in Anthropology from Middle Tennessee State University in Tennessee.  Sam is currently an active research member of the Pacific Slope Archaeology Laboratory at Oregon State University.

  • Contract Win: Navajo Gallup Water Supply Project

    The Bureau of Reclamation has selected Logan Simpson Design to provide programmatic agreement program management (PAPM) services for the Navajo Gallup Water Supply Project (NGWSP). The NGWSP is a major infrastructure project that once constructed, will convey a reliable water supply from the San Juan River to the eastern section of the Navajo Nation, southwestern portion of the Jicarilla Apache Nation, and the city of Gallup, New Mexico.  The project will include approximately 280 miles of pipeline, several pumping plants, and two water treatment plants. By evaluating the adequacy of cultural resources studies, distributing information to parties of the programmatic agreement, and coordinating field visits and tribal consultation meetings, LSD’s cultural resources team will assist Reclamation in achieving  federal agency compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.

  • Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., RPA Joins Logan Simpson Design

    Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., RPA

    Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., RPA

    Logan Simpson Design Inc., one of the largest environmental planning and landscape architecture firms in the West, announced today it has hired Christopher Garraty, Ph.D., RPA, as a principal investigator in our Tempe office.

    Chris has more than 17 years of experience, most recently working for the Gila River Indian Community in their Cultural Resource Management Program as a Project Manager in Sacaton, Arizona.

    His regional and topical expertise includes ceramics analysis and technological change, development of  complex societies and premodern markets, and Spanish Colonialism.  He has conducted research on the Postclassic (Aztec) central Mexico (Aztec), Mexican Gulf lowlands, and in the American Southwest.  His analytical focus involves ceramic compositional analysis, elemental characterization techniques, multivariate statistics, heuristic approaches, exploratory data analysis (EDA), and spatial statistics.

    Chris obtained his Ph.D. and his M.A. in Anthropology from the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University, and he obtained his BA in Anthropology from Temple University in Pennsylvania.

  • Kathryn Leonard Appointed to Arizona Historic Sites Review Committee

    Kathryn Leonard, M.A., RPA

    LSD Cultural Resources Director Kathryn Leonard, M.A., RPA, was appointed by the State Historic Preservation Officer to the Arizona Historic Sites Review Committee. The nine-member committee is Arizona’s official National Register of Historic Places Review Board. Members represent the fields of history, architecture, prehistoric and historic archaeology, and related disciplines. During her three year term, Kathryn will assist the State Historic Preservation Officer in reviewing National Register Nominations and provide recommendations for nominating properties to the State and National Register of Historic Places. Kathryn, who resides in Phoenix’s Fairview Place Historic District, manages the cultural resources program at LSD and provides Section 106 of the NHPA support, including government-to-government consultation, for large, complex energy EIS projects.